It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. As of December 2012, it transported over 25 million passengers daily (over 9 billion on an annual basis). In 2011, IR carried over 8,900 million passengers annually or more than 24 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily.
Indian Railways is an Indian state-owned endeavor, owned and operated by the Government of India throughout the Ministry of Railways. It is one of the world's biggest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of pathway over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. As of December 2012, it elated over 25 million passengers every day .In 2011, IR passed over 8,900 million passengers yearly or additional than 24 million passengers every day (approximately partially of which were inhabited passengers) and 2.8 million tons of cargo every day. In 2011–2012 Indian Railways had income of INR1119848.9 million (US$17 billion) which includes of INR696759.7 million (US$11 billion) from cargo and INR286455.2 million (US$4.4 billion) from passengers tickets.
Railways were initially introduced to India in 1853 starting Bombay to Thane. In 1951 the system were nationalized as one component, the Indian Railways, apt one of the major networks in the world. IR operates both stretched distance and inhabited rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauge. It also own steam engine and train manufacture amenities at numerous locations in India and are assign code identify their gauge, type of power and kind of action. Its operation wraps 28 states and 7 union territories and also provides restricted worldwide services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Indian Railways is the world's 9th major profitable or efficacy employer, by quantity of staff, with over 1.4 million staff. As for undulating stock, IR holds over 239,281 cargo wagon, 59,713 Passenger coach and 9,549 locomotives (43 steam, 5,197 diesel and 4,309 electric locomotive). The trains have a 5 digit numbering system as the Indian Railways runs about 10,000 trains every day. As of 31 March 2013, 23,541 km (14,628 mi) (36%) of the total 65,000 km (40,000 mi) km route distance end to end was electrified. While 1960, approximately all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction during transparency catenaries delivery.